Cocoa has a functional role in this formula because it has flavonols that help boost NAD+ and NADH levels in muscle cells using a Sirtuin 3 pathway that improves the energy producing mitochondria in the cell. Cocoa is also one of the richest natural sources of epicatechin, an antioxidant polyphenol that is effective in inhibiting myostatin, a protein secreted by muscle cells. Myostatin is dystrophic to muscles, so inhibiting it can help retain or build muscle mass.



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